Great note taking takes practice. You have to find a method that works for you, and that may change depending on the class that you’re taking (for example, a science class versus a humanities class). Here are 5 methods that are proven to be successful. Read over each one and decide if there’s one that might work for you.
These styles are described in the format you would use to take notes in class. You might find that a comfortable method is a combination of 2 or more of the ones listed here, and that’s fine. Figure out what works for you and stick with it!
The Cornell Method
The Outline Method
Class Topic: How to Outline Notes
I. The first level is reserved for each new topic/idea and is very general.
- a. This concept must always apply to the level above it (I)
- i. This concept must always apply to the level above it (a)
- ii. This is a second supporting piece of information for the level above it (a) but is equal to the previous information (i)
- iii. This information is a sister to (i) and (ii) b. This concept applies to the level above it (I) and is a “sister” to (a)
II. You don’t have to use Roman Numerals, Letters, and Numbers – try only indents, dashes, and bullets!
III. Outlining requires listening and writing in points in an organizational pattern based on space indentation
- a. Advantages to outlining
- i. It is organized
- ii. It groups related material
- iii. It makes review/studying easy
- iv. The need to edit after class helps reinforce content
- b. Disadvantages to outlining
- i. It may require editing afterward to clean it up
ii. It may be more challenging in classes that aren’t structured or sequential in nature
The Charting Method
— Set up your paper in columns and label headings related to content.
— The headings could be categories covered in the lecture, main ideas, or chronological.
— Insert information from the lecture into the labeled columns by heading.
— Identify important information quickly.
— Easily see things to memorize and study.
— See the big picture in one page.
— May need an outline of information to be covered in advance.
— May not work well in classes that lack structure or are not sequential.
— If you’ll be tested on facts (like people, places, dates, events) and chronology.
— If you know the outline or overview ahead of time.
— If you need to identify overarching themes and main points.
The Mapping Method
The Sentence Method
1. Write everything from the lecture into a sentence, and make a new bullet/number for each sentence.
2. Advantages: the method is easy and most people use it at some point; it helps you record ALL the info; it does not require organization.
3. Disadvantages: it may be difficult to keep up with it in fast lectures; it does not lend itself to easy editing to add additional numbers, bullets, etc. You may need to organize it after class.
4. This method is helpful in lectures with lots of content where you need to take extensive notes.